|Data Sources||Authentication logs, Windows event logs, Network protocol analysis, Packet capture|
|Asset||Human-Machine Interface, Field Controller/RTU/PLC/IED, Safety Instrumented System/Protection Relay, Control Server, Engineering Workstation|
Adversaries may leverage manufacturer or supplier set default credentials on control system devices. These default credentials may have administrative permissions and may be necessary for initial configuration of the device. It is general best practice to change the passwords for these accounts as soon as possible, but some manufacturers may have devices that have passwords or usernames that cannot be changed.1
Default credentials are normally documented in an instruction manual that is either packaged with the device, published online through official means, or published online through unofficial means. Adversaries may leverage default credentials that have not been properly modified or disabled.
- Stuxnet uses a default password hardcoded the WinCC software's database server as one of the mechanisms used to propagate to nearby systems.2
- Access Management - Ensure embedded controls and network devices are protected through access management, as these devices often have unknown default accounts which could be used to gain unauthorized access.
- Password Policies - Review vendor documents and security alerts for potentially unknown or overlooked default credentials within existing devices