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Group: Dragonfly, Energetic Bear, ...
|Dragonfly, Energetic Bear, ...|
|Associated Groups||Dragonfly, Energetic Bear, TG-4192, Crouching Yeti, IRON LIBERTY|
Dragonfly is a cyber espionage group that has been active since at least 2011. They initially targeted defense and aviation companies but shifted to focus on the energy sector in early 2013. They have also targeted companies related to industrial control systems.1
A similar group emerged in 2015 and was identified by Symantec as Dragonfly 2.0. There is debate over the extent of the overlap between Dragonfly and Dragonfly 2.0, but there is sufficient evidence to lead to these being tracked as two separate groups.1
Associated Group Descriptions
- Spearphishing Attachment - Dragonflyconducted a targeted phishing campaign against energy sector executives and senior personnel. Deceptive subject lines were used to portray a high importance. Malicious PDFs were then used to infect the user’s device.2
- Supply Chain Compromise - Dragonfly trojanized legitimate ICS equipment providers software packages available for download on their websites.2
- Drive-by Compromise - Dragonfly utilized watering hole attacks on energy sector websites by injecting a redirect iframe to deliver Backdoor.Oldrea or Trojan.Karagany.2