Block Serial COM
|Block Serial COM|
|Tactic||Inhibit Response Function|
|Data Sources||Alarm history, Data historian, Network protocol analysis, Packet capture|
|Asset||Field Controller/RTU/PLC/IED, Input/Output Server|
Adversaries may block access to serial COM to prevent instructions or configurations from reaching target devices. Serial Communication ports (COM) allow communication with control system devices. Devices can receive command and configuration messages over such serial COM. Devices also use serial COM to send command and reporting messages. Blocking device serial COM may also block command messages and block reporting messages.
A serial to Ethernet converter is often connected to a serial COM to facilitate communication between serial and Ethernet devices. One approach to blocking a serial COM would be to create and hold open a TCP session with the Ethernet side of the converter. A serial to Ethernet converter may have a few ports open to facilitate multiple communications. For example, if there are three serial COM available -- 1, 2 and 3 --, the converter might be listening on the corresponding ports 20001, 20002, and 20003. If a TCP/IP connection is opened with one of these ports and held open, then the port will be unavailable for use by another party. One way the adversary could achieve this would be to initiate a TCP session with the serial to Ethernet converter at
10.0.0.1 via Telnet on serial port 1 with the following command:
telnet 10.0.0.1 20001.
- In Industroyer the first COM port from the configuration file is used for the actual communication and the two other COM ports are just opened to prevent other processes accessing them. Thus, the IEC 101 payload component is able to take over and maintain control of the RTU device.1
- Network Allowlists - Implement network allowlists to minimize serial comm port access to only authorized hosts, such as comm servers and RTUs.
- Out-of-Band Communications Channel - Ensure devices have an alternative method for communicating in the event that a valid COM port is unavailable.
- Network Segmentation - Restrict unauthorized devices from accessing serial comm ports.