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Group: Dragonfly, Energetic Bear, ...

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Dragonfly, Energetic Bear, ...
ID G0002
Associated Groups Dragonfly, Energetic Bear, TG-4192, Crouching Yeti, IRON LIBERTY

Dragonfly is a cyber espionage group that has been active since at least 2011. They initially targeted defense and aviation companies but shifted to focus on the energy sector in early 2013. They have also targeted companies related to industrial control systems.1

A similar group emerged in 2015 and was identified by Symantec as Dragonfly 2.0. There is debate over the extent of the overlap between Dragonfly and Dragonfly 2.0, but there is sufficient evidence to lead to these being tracked as two separate groups.1

Associated Group Descriptions

  • Dragonfly - 2
  • Energetic Bear - 2
  • TG-4192 - 1
  • Crouching Yeti - 1

Techniques Used

  • Spearphishing Attachment - Dragonfly conducted a targeted phishing campaign against energy sector executives and senior personnel. Deceptive subject lines were used to portray a high importance. Malicious PDFs were then used to infect the user’s device.2